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The project was initiated with procurement and archival of Land Cover data over Bhubaneswar from Remote Sensing satellites, maps at different scales and in situ observations. That was followed by classification of the data sets into categories based on different thermal properties such as agriculture, forests, settlements, soil and impervious surfaces (or similar categories as required by the models). Combinations of data sets at various resolutions (e.g. moderate spatial resolution data from Landsat and available Indian Remote Sensing satellites and high spatial resolution imagery) were used and the generated land cover maps were validated through extensive ground data collection.These were also used to define the seasonal variations of the extent and magnitude of the UHI. The emerging data products could then be used for fine scale modeling of evapotranspiration, water use and energy balance of urban areas.


  1. Developing a comprehensive record of urbanization in Bhubaneswar and its relative contribution to Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect through mapping of LULC and Land surface Temperature (LST) changes

  2. Establishing a correlation between long-term LULC and its impact on the urban and peri-urban Bhubaneswar

  3. Utilizing LULC and LST changes as a proxy to study the energy balance and future urbanization scenarios over Bhubaneswar region


  1. 30 years past and 30 years of future projections of LULC and LST information at the interval of every 5 years with different confidence levels

  2. High Resolution LULC data over Bhubaneswar region combined with quantitative information on built-up areas, urban vegetation and elevation

  3. Impact assessment of urbanization in the form of different urban growth scenarios based on the above generated data sets for Bhubaneswar city

  4. Insight into the probable energy balance scenarios with a framework that can be applied to similar such cities facing rapid urbanization

SEOCS, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar

Argul, Jatani, Odisha, 752050, INDIA


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